I chose this case study mainly because I was in shock with how many tornadoes occurred during such a short amount of time, and wanted to know more about the disaster.
The Oklahoma/Kansas disaster, also known as The Great Plains tornado, occurred on May 3, 1999. It was an outbreak that started in the late afternoon and early evening hours that was due to various supercell thunderstorms that had composed many large and destructive tornadoes. The total count of damaging tornadoes that took place in the southern central part of Kansas, Oklahoma, and a little bit of northern Texas, is a heart-wrenching seventy.Two of which were dangerous, long-lived F4 and F5 tornadoes ,on the Fujita Scale, that passed near Wichita, Kansas and Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. This destructive hazard was a 68 mile long path that crossed several Interstate highways and devastated several suburban areas.
The strongest tornado, F5, hit the city of Amber, Oklahoma, at around 7 p.m, and moved to other cities in Oklahoma, and had especially devastated the town of Moore.
The Plains region is common for tornadoes. Oklahoma and Kansas, climatologically, experiences high frequency of tornadoes, especially in the spring each year, mainly because of the clashing of air masses. There could have been more mitigation or preparation that could have been planned, yet t the mitigation that was in place worked for the most part as there was not as much fatalities had it not been in place. Most of the population knew what do in the event of a tornado, since they were subjected to many.
A total of forty people in Oklahoma and about 675 people were injured.
For the first time, there was a survey about tornado events by a Building Performance Assessment Team (BPAT), created by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA), due to the fact that the intensity and extent of the damage was so high that it warranted the creation of FEMA’s first ever tornado BPAT ( BAPT,1999).
The public facilities were worse off in mitigation and preparation compared to the residences. It was decided that for the restoration process, that the public facilities of Oklahoma and Kansas be better prepared for any future disaster that will come their way.
Long story short, this was one of the worse outbreaks that the Great Plains had ever had to deal with. It created havoc and heartache among many. That tornado produced roughly 100 times more damage than any other tornado on record in Oklahoma City. It was the costliest and the deadliest.